India has a long history of establishing British rule. This background begins with the arrival of the Portuguese.
At the beginning of the 16th century, the Portuguese established their rule over the west coast of India.
17th century Dutch, English and French
Then in the 17th century Dutch, English and French traders came to India.
At that time the Mughals had a strong presence in India. So in the early days, European traders focused on trade.
Initially, European traders traded peacefully with licenses from the Mughal emperor.
To facilitate trade, European trading companies set up warehouses in India.
After the death of Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb, the Mughal power began to decline.
The Mughal Empire established independent states
The subheads of the Mughal Empire established independent autonomous states.
E.g. Bengal, Awadh, Hyderabad etc. Also Maratha, Mysore, Sikh, Sindh states emerged.
European traders took advantage of this political instability.
By the end of the seventeenth century, the Portuguese and Dutch had been overtaken by the British in trade competition.
To gain a commercial monopoly in India There was a fierce rivalry between the English and the French.
In the middle of the 18th century, between 1744 and 1763, there were three wars between the English and the French.
They are known as the ‘Karnataka Wars’. The British defeated the French in the Third World War.
Due to the French defeat in the power struggle The British did not have a strong European competitor in India.
The British then turned their attention to the Indian states.
With great planning and planning, he waged wars and 1857 with the help of diplomacy Till almost half of India came under its direct rule.
He also brought the rest of the colonists under his control.
A handful of British came to India and used Indian resources to occupy about 20 times the area of India.
He ruled for 150 years, which historians have called ‘ROMANCE OF HISTORY‘.
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