Of the 38 lakh migrant workers in Maharashtra, about 12 lakh have left the state during the lockout last week, which has affected more than 40 areas.
MUMBAI: Entrepreneurs in the state have to face workers as Maharashtra enters the first phase of its ‘Start Again’ campaign as it seeks to revive the Kovid-1 lockdown economy.
There is a huge shortage of workers in the state due to the large number of migrant workers from the state.
And despite the large number of Marathi workers working to replace them, many Marathi entrepreneurs themselves avoid local labour, industry sources say.
They have no discipline when it comes to working in the industrial sector in the state, have no desire to learn new trades, have a tendency towards political and trade unions – this policy has seen businesses under pressure – and insist on the implementation of reservation quotas.
Nashik-based industrialist Sudhir Muthalik says this is an unusual situation in Maharashtra. He is the founder and managing director of Positive Metering Pumps (I) Pvt. Ltd., which complements the processing industry and enables customers to calculate refinery and nuclear power projects.
“The Marathas have never been pushed against the wall. But, today, under the circumstances of Covid-1, this has been done, ”Mutalik told The Print. “Most Marathas are reluctant to work hard and this will affect small and medium enterprises which urgently need workers. The problem is that there is a mental barrier for Marathi workers to work hard. Their attitude should change. “
To work hard.
According to the Maharashtra 2012-2010 Economic Survey, the number of migrants from other states in Maharashtra is 38.13 lakh. According to state government figures, the number of migrants who left the state during the Kovid-1 national lockdown is 1.2 million. Several thousand are still standing to go.
The migrant workers mainly included refineries, foundries, sugar factories, cotton mills, iron and steel mills.
According to economic survey data, they are engaged in more than 48 types of jobs.
Among those brought here by the British in the 1st century, there was a historical presence of migrants in Maharashtra, especially in Mumbai. He was then hired as a washerman and concentrated mainly in South Mumbai.
It later spread to the northern and eastern suburbs of Mumbai. According to research by Aruna Pendse, a professor at the University of Mumbai, the early migrant generations of UP still live in the Walkeshwar and Malabar hills in south Mumbai.
From the 1980s to the 1990s, immigrants from Bihar started living in Mumbai. Most of the migrants from UP are from Azamgarh and Mau, while Darbhanga and Purnia from Bihar.
However, in Maharashtra, parent parties like Shiv Sena and Maharashtra Navnirman Sena (MNS) have a poignant subject of foreigners, which has been making them the center of their politics for decades.
But no party survived the cloud hanging over the migrant workers.
In November 2008, the Congress-NCP government passed a resolution stating that all micro, small, medium, large and mega industrial enterprises must have at least one percent of the population. Local residents.
In March this year, the Maha Vikas Aghadi government announced plans to enact a law that would make it mandatory for the private sector to provide employment to more than 1 per cent of the state’s citizens. Please reserve years.
The industrialists say that even though the government’s proposal of 200 governments was not fully implemented, it was difficult for them to give jobs to Marathi speaking workers.
A Marathi entrepreneur said that instead of working, he would open a paan shop outside the gate of the factory and earn a steady salary in it.
The main concern is that local workers’ wages will fall on the bill.
The advantage of hiring migrant workers is that they are not affiliated with trade unions or local politicians. Migrant labour is recruited by agents who pay these workers and workers and construction companies less often than the minimum wage.
These agents receive heavy commissions from small and medium enterprises and construction companies for paying cheap wages.
Depending on the type of work, the minimum wage ranges from Rs. Local labor, however, is not cheap, so higher wages have to be paid.
Local politicians and organizations will now take steps to fix wage rates for local workers. We can’t pay them to post a lockdown. This is not a win-win situation for us, ”said an industrialist with a manufacturing unit at Aurangabad MIDC (Maharashtra Industries Development Corporation).
According to another Amravati-based industrialist, the Marathi working class can do a lot, but they don’t want it.
“They are during a temperature , so there’s a scarcity of skills and a desire to grow or develop. The boy retires because most of them are not working, so many of them are not skilled,” the businessman said.
Industries that have foundries have been hit the hardest as migrant workers from Uttar Pradesh and Bihar have taken over the monopoly.
“Migrant workers can work in high temperatures without any complaints. Muthalik, a Nashik industrialist, said that somehow local workers do not want to work in foundries.
Echoing Mutalik’s sentiments, another industrialist said that hiring local workers would affect commodity prices.
“One hundred percent of the workforce now, whether skilled or unskilled, are going to be from the local population.
We have no choice. Immediate results will lead to a huge increase in labor costs, ”said the industrialist, adding that there is a medium-sized manufacturing division in the Pimpri-Chinchwad industrial area in Pune district.
“It’s mandatory to extend the worth of the products we manufacture.”
‘ Note: This article is based on research of various news and articles all the content of this article is for information and knowledge there is no intension to hurt any political party or a individual.‘